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Calculating Zakat on Real Estate and Adjustment of Bad Debts

 

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Question:

Dear Brother,

This is Nayeem from Dubai

I have few question,

1. I have some personnel loan, which I gave to my relative, its more than three years, past three years have been giving zakat on that loan. kindly let me know every year I have to give zakat on incoming loan amount, ?

2. I have three land properties, which I purchased in past few years, and have been paying zakat every year, on that unused land, and there is no income, kindly let me know this also mandatory to me payevery year, or only once.?

3. While paying zakat to poor and needy people, is it necessary to tell them what we are paying is zakat amount?

Brother Kindly clear my doubt on above questions.

Jazzakallah.

Nayeem, Dubai, UAE

August 2010

Dear Brother

Assalaam o alaikum wa Rahmatullah e wa Barakatuhu

Hope you'll be fine. The answers are as follows:

1. I have some personnel loan, which I gave to my relative, its more than three years, past three years have been giving zakat on that loan. kindly let me know every year I have to give zakat on incoming loan amount, ?

Ans: If you've doubt about recovery of this loan in short-run, you need not to pay Zakat on it. If you are sure about its recovery, then it is like cash. Then Zakat should be paid on it.

2. I have three land properties, which I purchased in past few years, and have been paying zakat every year, on that unused land, and there is no income, kindly let me know this also mandatory to me payevery year, or only once.?

Ans: Land is your property. You are enjoying the benefit of appreciation in value on it. You should pay Zakat on its market value @ 2.5% every year. If you utilize this land for revenue generation by giving it on rent, you should pay a Zakat @ 10% of the total amount of annual rent instead of 2.5% of the market value of the land. (This is my opinion. Other scholars hold the opinion that even in that case, you should pay zakat @ 2.5% of the market value. You can select the opinion more satisfactory for you.)

Zakat is not an expense. It is an investment in our real life i.e. Hereafter. According to a Hadith of the Prophet صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم, this is the real money that we are saving for our real life. We'll receive several thousand times the benefit of this investment. So this investment is much more beneficial than the investments of this temporary world.

3. While paying zakat to poor and needy people, is it necessary to tell them what we are paying is zakat amount?

Ans: It is not essential to tell the poor that it is Zakat money. Even it is better to not tell him. Give it as a gift to maintain his self-respect.

wassalaam

Mubashir

مصنف کی دیگر تحریریں

قرآنی عربی پروگرام/سفرنامہ ترکی/††مسلم دنیا اور ذہنی، فکری اور نفسیاتی غلامی/اسلام میں جسمانی و ذہنی غلامی کے انسداد کی تاریخ ††/تعمیر شخصیت پروگرام/قرآن اور بائبلکے دیس میں/علوم الحدیث: ایک تعارف ††/کتاب الرسالہ: امام شافعی کی اصول فقہ پر پہلی کتاب کا اردو ترجمہ و تلخیص/اسلام اور دور حاضر کی تبدیلیاں ††/ایڈورٹائزنگ کا اخلاقی پہلو سے جائزہ ††/الحاد جدید کے مغربی اور مسلم معاشروں پر اثرات ††/اسلام اور نسلی و قومی امتیاز ††/اپنی شخصیت اور کردار کی تعمیر کیسے کی جائے؟/مایوسی کا علاج کیوں کر ممکن ہے؟/دور جدید میں دعوت دین کا طریق کار ††/اسلام کا خطرہ: محض ایک وہم یا حقیقت/Quranic Concept of Human Life Cycle/Empirical Evidence of Godís Accountability

 

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