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Delegating the Right of Divorce to One's Wife

 

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Dear Brother Mubashir Nazir

You remember once the time I was discussing with you on the phone the issue of man delegating right of divorce to his wife to be at the time of Nikah. I requested you to prove it to me from Quran and Sunnah about its permissibility. I request you to provide me evidence for this.

Will be waiting for your answer

Was salam

Usman Pervez

Karachi, Pakistan

November 2010

Dear Brother

Assalam o alaikum wa Rahmatullah

There is a generally-accepted principle in Usul-ul-Fiqh: "Everything is lawful except what Shari'ah has forbidden. Arguments are required to prove something unlawful. No argument is required to prove something lawful." اصل اشیاء میں اباحت ہے.

Arguments are required from the Quran and Sunnah to prove something unlawful or mandatory. For simple, permissibility, no arguments are required because everything is lawful except those forbidden by God. There is no prohibition for delegating the divorce, so it is lawful and no arguments are required for it based on the above principle.

If you read the Kitab-ut-Talaq of any book of Fiqh, you'll find the concept of conditional divorce. It means that a husband says to his wife: "If X will happen, you'll be divorced." Any condition can be placed instead of X. Delegation of divorce is also a condition which means, "If you will divorce yourself, you'll be divorced."

I hope the issue will be clear.

wassalaam

Mubashir

مصنف کی دیگر تحریریں

Quranic Arabic Program / Quranic Studies Program / علوم القرآن پروگرام / قرآنی عربی پروگرام/سفرنامہ ترکی/††مسلم دنیا اور ذہنی، فکری اور نفسیاتی غلامی/اسلام میں جسمانی و ذہنی غلامی کے انسداد کی تاریخ ††/تعمیر شخصیت پروگرام/قرآن اور بائبلکے دیس میں/علوم الحدیث: ایک تعارف ††/کتاب الرسالہ: امام شافعی کی اصول فقہ پر پہلی کتاب کا اردو ترجمہ و تلخیص/اسلام اور دور حاضر کی تبدیلیاں ††/ایڈورٹائزنگ کا اخلاقی پہلو سے جائزہ ††/الحاد جدید کے مغربی اور مسلم معاشروں پر اثرات ††/اسلام اور نسلی و قومی امتیاز ††/اپنی شخصیت اور کردار کی تعمیر کیسے کی جائے؟/مایوسی کا علاج کیوں کر ممکن ہے؟/دور جدید میں دعوت دین کا طریق کار ††/اسلام کا خطرہ: محض ایک وہم یا حقیقت/Quranic Concept of Human Life Cycle/Empirical Evidence of Godís Accountability

 

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